Understanding Appraisal Gap Clauses in Pennsylvania Real Estate Transactions

In Pennsylvania's fervent real estate market, securing your dream home often involves navigating multiple offers and escalating prices. One critical tool that’s gaining traction among buyers and sellers in this competitive environment is the "appraisal gap clause."

What is an Appraisal Gap Clause?

An appraisal gap clause is a specialized provision in a real estate contract designed to address the potential discrepancy or "gap" between a home's appraised value and the agreed-upon purchase price. This clause stipulates how any difference between the appraised value and the contract price will be resolved, providing a measure of security to both parties in the transaction.

How Does It Work?

Let’s illustrate with an example. Suppose a home has a purchase price of $300,000, but it appraises for only $290,000. This creates a $10,000 "gap." The appraisal gap clause would outline whether the buyer agrees to cover a certain amount above the appraised value, up to the purchase price, or whether another arrangement has been agreed upon, such as the buyer and seller sharing the difference.

Purpose of Appraisal Gap Clauses

  • For Buyers: This clause allows buyers to make their offers more compelling by offering more than the appraised value, a crucial advantage in a seller's market.
  • For Sellers: Sellers gain assurance that the deal will close even if the appraisal comes in low, by outlining the buyer’s obligation to bridge the difference or a portion of it.

Potential Implications

1. Risk for Buyers

Buyers may end up paying more out-of-pocket if the home doesn’t appraise for the purchase price. It is crucial for buyers to assess their financial situation comprehensively to ensure they can cover a potential gap comfortably.

2. Financing Hurdles

Lenders usually finance based on a percentage of the appraised value or the purchase price, whichever is lower. A low appraisal may necessitate additional cash from the buyer to close the deal.

3. Negotiation Dynamics

The specifics of the clause could lead to further negotiations between buyer and seller if there's an appraisal gap, potentially impacting the timeline to closing.

Effective Use of Appraisal Gap Clauses

  • Clarity is Key: Buyers and sellers must have a mutual understanding and agreement on how much of the gap the buyer is willing and able to cover and under what circumstances.
  • Financial Review: Buyers should meticulously review their finances to avoid overextension.
  • Seek Professional Advice: It’s advisable for both parties to consult real estate professionals or legal counsel to comprehend the implications fully and ensure the clause is structured equitably.


The utilization of appraisal gap clauses is becoming increasingly prevalent in Pennsylvania's robust real estate environment. While it offers a structured solution to navigate discrepancies between appraised value and purchase price, it is paramount for buyers and sellers to approach this clause with due diligence, clear communication, and informed decision-making to ensure a smooth and equitable transaction.

By integrating appraisal gap clauses effectively, buyers can enhance the competitiveness of their offers, and sellers can gain added security, fostering a more seamless and harmonious real estate experience in Pennsylvania. Keep in mind, though, that the advice of real estate and legal professionals is indispensable in navigating the nuances of such clauses and safeguarding the interests of all parties involved.